The Last Day. Anno 79 A.D.

It was late morning on August 24, 79 A.D. The lively city of Pompeii was buzzing with activity. The main street leading to the Forum was busy with carts, carriages and chariots bouncing over the large cobblestones.

main street Pompeii

street PompeiiOn residential streets, pedestrians negotiated their way on narrow sidewalks. The sidewalks were raised because unlike Rome, Pompeii didn’t have a sophisticated sewer system and much of the wastewater found its way onto the streets. Crossing the street with produce from the market or products from the many flourishing shops around the Forum was a balancing act on the large, flat stones provided for the purpose of crossing with dry feet.

street and crosswalk in PompeiiAs usual, people were gathering around the many drinking wells around the city exchanging the latest news and some, without a doubt, also engaging in rumor mongering.

drinking well in Pompeii_edited-2Nobody worried about the fact that the water to these fountains was flowing through lead pipes.

another well in PompeiiThe bath houses were still busy with late morning bathers, men and women enjoying separate quarters. Their clothing neatly tucked away in the “lockers” around the bath.

wall art outside a bath house in Pompeii

inside of the bath house in PompeiiSome people were lingering in the colorfully decorated common areas of the bath house.

bath house frescos PompeiiThis Tuesday morning, life was going on its usual merry ways at the many hotels (and brothels), shops and bakeries in the city.

hotel 2 in Pompeii

bedroom in Pompeii

shop in pompeii

bakery in PompeiiThe morning rehearsals at the Grand Theater had just concluded and the spectators were leaving the venue. It was a perfect morning.

grand theater pompeiiThe smaller Forum was busy too. Young men were competing in athletics, their families cheering them on. Some were standing in small groups discussing politics.

smaller forum in Pompeii

floor mosaic PompeiiAt the affluent villas of the nobel class and newly rich merchants, the morning was spent leisurely around the house.

the floor plan of the latest opened house in PompeiiGuests were entertained in the larger atrium, where the rainwater had been gathered in a shallow “pool” for some cooling on this warm summer morning.

Atrium of the most recently opened house Pompeii

House of Sirico Pompeii

frescos in a house in PompeiiThe servants were busy dusting the frescos and cleaning the mosaic floors in and outside of the house.

most recent house interior mosaic floor Pompeii

floor mosaic pattern PompeiiInhabitants and guests of the most opulent villas facing the sea, could enjoy splendid views from their elaborate terraces and gardens.

view of house interior Pompeii

sea view from the house garden PompeiiThose less fortunate could enjoy the public green spaces sprinkled around the city.

garden 2 in Pompeii_edited-1But the busiest place this morning was the Forum. It was the economic, religious and political center of the city, where municipal buildings, courts, temples and commercial activities were located around the two-story portico.

busy forum in Pompeii

two story pillars at the Forum Pompeii

Forum in PompeiiThe northern end of the Forum was closed by the Capitolium, with Mount Vesuvius rising towards the sky right behind it.

the Forum with backdrop of Vesuvius PompeiiAn ordinary late summer day. Until … around noon, a “cloud of unusual size and shape” appeared overtop Vesuvius.

the eruption of Vesuvius starts PompeiiIt could be seen across the city. At first, there was curiosity. But an hour later when ash started falling, people begun to panic. Many rushed towards the harbor, others started running north or south along the coast, but some 2000 people were hesitant to leave their homes. They would ride out whatever was coming and chose to take shelter in buildings and underground cellars they deemed safe. But the eruption escalated fast. Around 2 p.m. ash and white pumice was falling over the city at a rate of 10-15 cm (4-6 inches) an hour.

vesuvius erupts 2 Pompeii_edited-1By 5 p.m. the sun was completely blocked and there was no light for the people still seeking shelter or running away from the city. Ash, bits of pumice and charred rocks were falling on the city. Fires were burning everywhere. Roofs started to collapse.

vesuvius eruption 3b pompeiiAnd then, in the morning of August 25, just before 7 a.m., a pyroclastic cloud of hot ash and toxic gas surged down on the city killing everyone who had remained in its vicinity. Not one was spared. Men, women, children and animals all perished.

dead woman PompeiiThe eruption buried the city under 4-6 meters (13-20 feet) of volcanic ash and pumice. Life as it had been on that late summer day in 79 A.D. was frozen in time for almost 1700 years.

a man in PompeiiPliny the Younger,  a Roman writer who managed to escape from the city in time, described the eruption in letters to his friend, which were discovered in the 16th century. The ruins of Pompeii were found only in 1748.

artifacts found in PompeiiAbout 80% of the city has now been excavated and as the work progresses, we learn more about that fateful day 1938 years ago.

About 700,000 people currently live around the volcano, which last erupted in 1944.

outer walls PompeiiAs I am starting to “unpack” my latest travels, I wish you all a wonderful week ahead.

59 thoughts on “The Last Day. Anno 79 A.D.”

    1. Walking on the streets there, I could almost “see and hear” the inhabitants going about their business that day. There was no preparedness for an eruption because Vesuvius was thought to be “extinct” as one Roman scientist had called it, i.e. no longer active.

    1. The “vibe” of that tragic day was still lingering on those streets. Nobody there believed Vesuvius could erupt as it was thought to be a “dead” volcano, which made people reluctant to believe is could get so bad… Have a good week, you too!

  1. Magical description, Helen; I could feel and hear the daily events. You’ve certainly been on some interesting travels (this, and your previous posts).
    Lovely to be able to comment, once again! Wishing you a wonderful week. 🙂
    xoxoxo

    1. Thank you Carolyn! So nice to see you. I needed to combine work, taking care of my father’s estate and some explorations of history (more in forthcoming posts now that I have a proper internet connection again). The long trip was also helpful in terms of giving me new perspectives, which I really needed. Hugs and best wishes for the new week! xxoo

  2. Wonderful post about the tragic end to Pompeii . . . not the way I would want to “go.”

    Glad to hear that your travels helped you shift/ find perspective. Peace.

    1. Thanks Nancy. I could almost still feel the ‘vibe’ of that last day in Pompeii. I saw so much on this trip it felt like had been away for months – which I feel is a good thing.

  3. I have enjoyed reading your recent travel stories but this one I love. So well told, and compelling. I wonder if you ‘felt’ the history and aura of this place more because of your own Vesuvius-like experiences this year. Hugs to you.

    1. Thank you! You might be right, my friend. I know I felt it strongly…and this year has been like a big eruption of all I knew…the landscape changed drastically and will never look the same again.

    1. Thank you dear Doda. This visit had been on my bucket list for quite some time and I am glad I could go this time. Happy you liked your revisit.

  4. Tiny, it is great to hear from you again and see you rise up out of your suffering as you launch into a new season of life. Your gift of story telling only continues to get better. Your description of Pompeii’s last hours is truly compelling reading, the sense of expectation is behind each line. Keeping you in prayer dear friend as you find yourself in your new normal.

    1. Thank you, Ashley. I am feeling a little better now, accepting the new realities. Although it will be “up and down” for a long time, I’m sure. This long trip was a combination of dealing with my father’s estate, working, and just exploring…helped my mood somewhat. Thank you also for your continued prayers.

  5. Wow! Tiny! Thank you for this brilliant article…I wish you had written every history book when I was in school…I would have learned, and remembered so much more! 😉
    Blessings, friend❤

    1. You are very kind, my friend 🙂 I just felt connected to their life on that last day when walking the streets and visiting the homes and other buildings. I could have stayed there much longer… Blessings to you as well, Lorrie ❤

    1. Happy you liked my “report”, Celestine. I felt a connection of sorts to the tragic city…I could “see and hear” the life on those streets 🙂

  6. A wonderful portrayal and commentary of the last hours in Pompei, Helen! You really brought it to life. 😎
    May your travels bring more stories to share and new insights and perspectives 💕

    1. Thank you, dear Val ❤ I am now back home with my new insights and perspectives…which I will continue to "unpack" both here and in my life going forward. This long trip was helpful in many ways as I adapt to the changed circumstances.

    1. Droves of household items certainly brought the tragedy to “life”. The plaster casts, particularly of children who died with their parents, were difficult to see.

  7. A powerful post, Helen – a poignant history and beautiful photos that bring one inside “ordinary life” on a fateful day that none, or perhaps only a few, had predicted. There are so many lessons we can learn from this past event.

    I send my best wishes to you. 🙂

  8. A wonderful expression of this tragedy and perhaps some parallels in your own life too. Your photos are great. I’m glad you are having some time to explore and travel and some space for you 💕

  9. Have always wanted to visit Pompeii, and have read many articles about it but honestly yours is the best I’ve seen in terms of the lives of the people and how little time those who decided to stay must have had. What a horrific way to die. The figures frozen in time are amazing. Thanks so much for this Helen – beautifully done.

  10. What an interesting tone you’ve used in this post. I remember being quite awestruck on my visit to Pompeii, can’t imagine the horror of the residents when the eruption started…

  11. Wow! All I can say is wow, Helen! I had no idea you were traveling and I am happy for you that you are taking this well needed break out of your life to do it. I really wish I could believe me! Your photographs are outstanding and your story is just as amazing! Incredible incredible post… One that I truly truly enjoyed. Thank you so much, Helen, for sharing Pompeii with all of us. 💕🌹💕

    1. And come to think of it I don’t know how you handled seeing the cast of those people who did not survive. I know how fragile I am and I don’t think I could have handled it. Just an incredible post one that I will come back to many times to reread. Again thank you, Helen.

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